“I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use.” ~ Galileo
Modern science began, in large part, as a Christian endeavor. Galileo said that the Bible cannot err. Isaac Newton was a devout Christian who asserted that, “The most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets, could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and powerful Being.” Newton saw God in everything and studied the Bible daily alongside his scientific pursuits. In addition to his achievements in the areas of science, math and invention, Blaise Pascal was a great apologist of the Christian faith. He said, “All who have claimed to know God and to prove his existence without Jesus Christ have done so ineffectively. . . . Apart from him, and without Scripture, without original sin, without the necessary Mediator who was promised and who came, it is impossible to prove absolutely that God exists, or to teach sound doctrine and sound morality. But through and in Jesus Christ we can prove God’s existence, and teach both doctrine and morality.” Francis Bacon, Robert Boyle, William Thomson Kelvin, Johannes Kepler, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, and Samuel Morse and numerous other renowned scientists were Christians whose faith greatly influenced their work.
Fast forward to 2016 when belief in God and Creation can cause even the most accomplished scientist to be shunned by his or her colleagues. While there have always been people who reject God, a concerted effort to portray God and science as incompatible began in the 19th century. Following the publication of Charles Darwin’s On The Origin of Species in 1859, Thomas Henry Huxley (known as Darwin’s Bulldog) formed the X-Club, a group of influential scientists who claimed, “devotion to science, pure and free, untrammelled by religious dogmas.”
Darwin’s theory (still unproven) and the opinions of the members of the X-Club significantly impacted both science and culture and created an environment where any scientific research that pointed to God was quickly discarded and discredited. This practice not only continues more than a century and a half later, but has become increasingly hostile. Thus Christian students who grow up in the public school system and proceed to secular universities must be grounded securely in their faith. They must not be taught to rely blindly on the beliefs of generations past, but rather discipled in apologetics, particularly the scientific and historical accuracy of the Bible. Then, when pummeled with an onslaught of questions posed by those who seek the destruction of belief in God above truth, they will be prepared to answer with unshakeable faith.
Now, let us consider a few of the scientific facts that are found within the pages of our Bible.
- The Earth Suspended in Space
For much of history, people believed that there was something holding the Earth up. Explanations included Atlas (Greek), elephants (Hindu), a giant turtle (Native American Tribes, China, India), a snake (Ayida-Weddo in West African Vodou) and a giant whale (Islam). It wasn’t until the 17th century that Isaac Newton discovered that gravity was the mysterious force holding the Earth in space. However, the Bible got it right approximately five thousand years ago. Job 26:7 states, “He stretches out the north over empty space; He hangs the earth on nothing.”
Note: Some claim a contradiction between Job 26:7 and 1 Samuel 2:8, but as Erik Lutz points out, one must distinguish between poetic language and literal statements. You can read more by clicking here.
- The Universe Is Expanding
People used to believe that the Universe was fixed and unchanging. This belief contradicted the Bible, which repeatedly declares that God stretches out the heavens (Isaiah 40:22, 44:24, 42:5, 45:12, 48:13, 51:13; Jeremiah 10:12, 51:15; Job 26:7, 9:8; Psalm 104:2). In 1929, Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe is expanding, thereby confirming the Biblical text.
- Mountains On The Ocean Floor
Jonah describes mountains on the ocean floor (Jonah 2:6). In 1925, scientists indeed found that there were mountains along the ocean floor with ranges longer than any on land. Later, active volcanoes were discovered as well as a 40,000 kilometer long mountain range in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Hydrologic Cycle
“For He draws up drops of water, which distill as rain from the mist, which the clouds drop down and pour abundantly on man.” Job 36:27-28
“All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full; to the place from which the rivers come, there they return again.” Ecclesiastes 1:7
Job and Solomon both describe the water cycle perfectly, thousands of years before science discovered it. In the first century B.C., Marcus Vitruvius was the first to develop an accurate theory about the water cycle, but it did not become proven science until the seventeenth century. This is one of many instances where the Bible was generations ahead of science.
- Life Is In The Blood
Leviticus 17:11 tells us that “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.” In 1628, William Harvey published his book, “Anatomical Studies on the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals,” in which he explains his findings about circulation and it’s necessity to sustain life.
- Air Has Weight
Scientists once believed that air was weightless, which seems to be a logical conclusion. However, Job declares (28:24-25), “For He looks to the ends of the earth, and sees under the whole heavens, to establish a weight for the wind, and apportion the waters by measure.” In 1643, Evangelista Torricelli performed experimentation during which he was able to create a sustained vacuum and prove that air had weight. Today, we know that the weight of air is approximately 14.7 pounds per square inch at sea level.
- God Formed Man From the Dust of the Earth
In Genesis 2:7, Moses writes that God formed man from the dust of the Earth and breathed life into him. In Genesis 3:19, God tells Adam that he would return to the dust from which he was formed. In 1982, NASA informed the world of their findings that every element in the human body could be found in the Earth’s crust.
Over the centuries skeptics have often accused the Bible of contradicting science. Yet, time and again widely held scientific beliefs that stood in opposition to God’s Word have been disproved and the biblical text found to be true. I have given you just seven examples today, but if you delve into the subject, you will find that there are many more. I hope that you will check back next month when I will conclude this series with “Historical Evidence of the Bible.”